Access control design¶
Collections and grants are strong tools that can be used to control access and visibility to resources in MKE.
This tutorial describes a fictitious company named OrcaBank that needs to configure an architecture in MKE with role-based access control (RBAC) for their application engineering group.
Team access requirements¶
OrcaBank reorganized their application teams by product with each team providing shared services as necessary. Developers at OrcaBank do their own DevOps and deploy and manage the lifecycle of their applications.
OrcaBank has four teams with the following resource needs:
securityshould have view-only access to all applications in the cluster.
dbshould have full access to all database applications and resources.
mobileshould have full access to their mobile applications and limited access to shared
paymentsshould have full access to their payments applications and limited access to shared
To assign the proper access, OrcaBank is employing a combination of default and custom roles:
View Only(default role) allows users to see all resources (but not edit or use).
Ops(custom role) allows users to perform all operations against configs, containers, images, networks, nodes, secrets, services, and volumes.
View & Use Networks + Secrets(custom role) enables users to view/connect to networks and view/use secrets used by
dbcontainers, but prevents them from seeing or impacting the
OrcaBank is also creating collections of resources to mirror their team structure.
Currently, all OrcaBank applications share the same physical resources,
so all nodes and applications are being configured in collections that
nest under the built-in collection,
Other collections are also being created to enable shared
/Shared/mobilehosts all Mobile applications and resources.
/Shared/paymentshosts all Payments applications and resources.
/Shared/dbis a top-level collection for all
/Shared/db/paymentsis a collection of
dbresources for Payments applications.
/Shared/db/mobileis a collection of
dbresources for Mobile applications.
The collection architecture has the following tree representation:
OrcaBank’s Grant composition ensures that their collection architecture gives
db team access to all
db resources and restricts app teams to
OrcaBank has standardized on LDAP for centralized authentication to help their identity team scale across all the platforms they manage.
To implement LDAP authentication in MKE, OrcaBank is using MKE’s native LDAP/AD integration to map LDAP groups directly to MKE teams. Users can be added to or removed from MKE teams via LDAP which can be managed centrally by OrcaBank’s identity team.
The following grant composition shows how LDAP groups are mapped to MKE teams.
OrcaBank is taking advantage of the flexibility in MKE’s grant model by
applying two grants to each application team. One grant allows each team
to fully manage the apps in their own collection, and the second grant
gives them the (limited) access they need to networks and secrets within
OrcaBank access architecture¶
OrcaBank’s resulting access architecture shows applications connecting across collection boundaries. By assigning multiple grants per team, the Mobile and Payments applications teams can connect to dedicated Database resources through a secure and controlled interface, leveraging Database networks and secrets.
In MKE, all resources are deployed across the same group of MKE worker nodes. Node segmentation is provided in Docker Enterprise.
db team is responsible for deploying and managing the full
lifecycle of the databases used by the application teams. They can
execute the full set of operations against all database resources.
mobile team is responsible for deploying their own application
stack, minus the database tier that is managed by the